Is Polyester Good for the Environment? Exploring Its Pros and Cons

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This question has a complicated answer that is dependent on various factors.

Polyester has many benefits for the fashion industry, making it a popular fabric choice for clothing. But is polyester good for the environment?  

Many people must be aware of the environmental impacts of wearing and buying polyester. From its sustainability issues to potential climate change implications, there is much to consider when weighing up the pros and cons of this type of fabric.

Ultimately, it is up to individuals to decide if polyester is an appropriate material for their needs in a sustainable and environmentally friendly way.

This article will delve into the pros and cons of using polyester in our wardrobes and ways to reduce its environmental impact through different fabrics and production methods.

By understanding this material, we can make informed decisions regarding how best to look after our planet while staying stylish.

Here is the discussion in this article:

# What is Polyester – An Overview of This Synthetic Fiber

# 7 Downsides of Wearing Polyester

# 5 Benefits of Using Polyester

# Sustainable Alternative for polyester

# Conclusion


What is Polyester – An Overview of This Synthetic Fiber

Polyester is a synthetic fibre derived from petroleum-based products.

It is processed using chemical reactions that involve melting and spinning the fibres to create a thread.

Polyester is durable and resistant to shrinking, stretching or wrinkling. It often has a smooth, almost glossy finish and is used in clothing, carpets, textiles, furniture and other home goods.

It is a popular choice for clothing due to its remaining wrinkle-free and colourfast, so clothing made with polyester is more durable than other fabrics.

7 Downsides of Wearing Polyester

1. Polyester is not bio-degradable

One of the main disadvantages of polyester is that it is not biodegradable. 

It means that when clothing is discarded, it will take 20-200 years to decompose and will likely end up in landfills or polluting oceans and waterways. 

Polyester also releases microfibers into the environment when washed, which can enter our food chain through fish consumption. This situation can lead to health problems for humans and animals and further environmental damage. 

All these factors make polyester an unsustainable choice for clothing that significantly impacts our planet’s health.

2. Polyester is a petroleum-based product.

As mentioned, polyester is derived from petroleum-based products.

It means that it is not a renewable resource and is dependent on unsustainable practices to produce.

It is essential to consider these factors when selecting fabrics, as we are increasingly aware of the negative impact of burning fossil fuels on our environment.

3. Polyester dyes can be subject to fading over time.

The clothes made from polyester may only last for a short time as those made from other fabrics such as cotton or linen since the colours will eventually fade with wear and tear and washing cycles.

Additionally, some of the chemicals used in dyeing processes for polyester can hurt our environment if they are released into waterways during production.

Therefore, it is important to research where your clothing is coming from before purchasing it so you can ensure it has been responsibly sourced and produced with minimal environmental impact.

4. Polyester is made from synthetic chemicals.

Polyester is made from chemicals, which can be hazardous to humans and the environment.

These synthetic chemicals have adverse health effects on those exposed, including skin irritation and respiratory issues.

Additionally, the production of these chemicals is energy-intensive and has a carbon footprint.

5. Polyester can be non-breathable and trap sweat against the skin.

The disadvantage of wearing polyester is that it is not breathable and can trap sweat against your skin.

Because polyester is a synthetic fabric, it does not allow air to circulate as natural materials do.

As a result, you may feel hot and uncomfortable when wearing clothing made from polyester in hot weather or during strenuous activities.

Furthermore, trapped sweat can lead to irritation or discomfort due to chafing on the skin. To avoid this issue, choosing lighter-weight fabrics such as cotton or linen could be beneficial for keeping relaxed and comfortable in warmer temperatures.

6. Polyester Promotes Unsustainable Fashion Practices and Excess Waste

Polyester is known for being a large fabric produced on a large scale, with many clothing companies and retailers using it for their products.

Polyester is produced on a large scale, leading to excessive manufacturing and unnecessary waste. The production of polyester is energy-intensive and can have a negative environmental impact.

Therefore, waste from polyester is a significant contributor to pollution and is increasingly becoming an environmental concern.

7. Polyester Production Uses High Amounts of Water Resources

Polyester production is highly water-intensive, with large amounts of water required to produce fabric from petroleum-based products.

This is because the fabric is often dyed in a vat of chemicals to achieve the desired colour, and this process is usually done multiple times due to the high demand for polyester.

Additionally, significant amounts of water are used to clean the fabrics before they are sent to retailers.

When choosing fabrics for your clothing, it is essential to take into account the water resources required for polyester production.

5 Benefits of Using Polyester

1. Polyester is incredibly durable

Polyester is incredibly durable, making it a great choice for clothing and other items that will be used daily.

Its superior strength is due to the composition of the fabric, which can hold up better than other fabrics, such as cotton or silk.

This means that when you invest in clothing made from polyester, it is likely to last you a long time and is less prone to wear and tear.

2. Polyester has excellent resistance to shrinking, stretching, and staining

Polyester is an ideal fabric for those who want clothing that is resistant to shrinking, stretching, and staining.

This is because of the tight weave of polyester, which is more resilient and less likely to tear or be damaged by everyday wear.

Additionally, polyester is resistant to most mildew and mould, making it ideal for athletes or people who spend a lot of time outdoors in humid climates.

3. Polyester is lightweight and has low absorbency

Polyester is an incredibly lightweight fabric, making it ideal for those who want comfortable clothing to pack and transport.

It is also a low-absorbent fabric, less likely to retain odours and stains.

This is ideal for those who want clothing that is easy to care for and is less likely to need frequent washing.

4. Polyester has a fast drying time.

Polyester is known for its fast drying time, allowing clothing items to be dried quickly and efficiently.

This is due to its low absorbency, which is great for those who don’t have time to wait for their clothes to dry.

This type of fabric is suitable to wear when swimming or during other activities in the water.

5. Polyester is cost-effective and simple to maintain.

Polyester is an incredibly affordable option for those looking to invest in stylish and comfortable clothing.

Not only is the cost of polyester fabric inexpensive, but it is also easy to care for and can be washed in a regular washing machine.

Overall, polyester is a great option for those looking to invest in affordable, durable, and easy-to-care clothing.

Environmental Impacts of Polyester Production

The production of polyester is known to have various environmental impacts that must be taken into consideration.

One is the water pollution caused by the dyeing process, which is when synthetic dyes are used to give fabrics their colour.

These dyes can release chemicals such as heavy metals and other pollutants into water sources, leading to contamination.

Additionally, producing polyester is energy-intensive as petroleum is used in manufacturing. This is concerning because burning fossil fuels significantly contributes to climate change.

Sustainable Alternative for polyester

Fortunately, several sustainable alternatives to polyester can be used for clothing and other items.

  1. Organic cotton – is an excellent option as it is made without synthetic pesticides and is softer than polyester. Additionally, organic cotton is naturally biodegradable, making it an eco-friendly choice.
  2. Silk – Silk is made from silkworm cocoons and is incredibly soft and luxurious. It is also naturally biodegradable, which is much better for the environment than polyester.
  3. Linen – Sustainable option for those looking for lightweight, breathable, and timeless clothing. Linen, which is composed of flax plants, is 100% biodegradable, making it a fantastic option for those who want to lower their ecological footprint.
  4. Hemp – A renewable fabric that is incredibly strong and is often used to make clothing. Hemp is a very sustainable option as the plant is naturally resistant to pests, so no pesticides are needed for its cultivation. Additionally, hemp is naturally biodegradable, making it an eco-friendly option.


Polyester is a popular fabric choice for clothing due to its affordability and low absorbency.

However, it is crucial to know that polyester production can have environmental impacts such as water pollution and energy consumption.

Fortunately, several sustainable alternatives available offer similar benefits but with less impact on the environment.

When considering what fabric to choose from in your wardrobe or home decor items, make sure you consider both style and comfort and sustainability!


How is polyester made?

Polyester is made through polymerization, where molecules are combined to create a synthetic fabric.

The most common polyester type is polyethene terephthalate (PET), produced through the combination of petroleum and other chemicals.

After being created, the material goes through several processes before being used in clothing and other products, such as dyeing, printing, and trimming.

What are some of the best polyester options?

When shopping for polyester, look for fabrics made from recycled materials or organic alternatives, such as certified organic cotton.

If shopping for clothing, try to find items with fewer chemicals and a lower environmental impact.

If buying fabric for other items like curtains or bedding, you can opt for higher-quality yarns such as bamboo, hemp, lyocell and modal.

What are some of the best polyester options?

When shopping for polyester, look for fabrics made from recycled materials or organic alternatives, such as certified organic cotton.

If shopping for clothing, try to find items with fewer chemicals and a lower environmental impact.

If buying fabric for other items like curtains or bedding, you can opt for options with higher quality yarns such as bamboo, hemp, lyocell and modal.

How can I make my polyester more environmentally friendly?

You can take a few steps to ensure your polyester purchases are more eco-friendly.

Choose certified organic or recycled polyester and avoid fabric finishing chemicals such as flame retardants, formaldehyde and perfluorinated compounds.

Buy items made from fewer chemicals, with lower environmental impacts. Be sure to look for the Global Recycled Standard (GRS) label for fabrics that are made of at least 20% pre-consumer recycled content.

Additionally, when laundering polyester items, be sure to wash them in cool water and line dry whenever possible to reduce energy use.

What are some common uses for polyester?

Polyester is a versatile material with numerous applications.

Typical polyester uses include clothing, upholstery and home furnishings, outdoor furniture and awnings, carpets and rugs, curtains and drapes, building insulation, and bags and luggage fabrics.

Polyester is also commonly used in sportswear for its breathability and wrinkle resistance. It can also be used to make sails for boats or windsails for wind turbines.

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Hanif Roslen is an eco-conscious enthusiast on a mission to help make the world a better, cleaner place. Through day-to-day experience cleaning his own home with those non-toxic cleaners, he has developed innovative and effective green solutions that reduce waste and promote sustainability.

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